At Waulud Primary School all Early Years and Key Stage One children have a daily phonics lesson.  The school also continues to provide catch-up phonics lessons to some children working in Key Stage Two.


We teach phonics through the use of the Letters and Sounds synthetic phonics programme:

  • Synthetic phonics is a method of teaching which first teaches the letter sounds, then builds up to blending these sounds together to achieve the pronunciation of whole words.
  • Synthetic phonics involves decoding or breaking the words into separate ‘phonemes’ and then blending them together to read a written word.

Our teaching is also supported using Phonics Bug and Phonics Play. Each child will be working at their own level and will be grouped according to the Letters and Sounds phase they are working on. This will range from phase 1 to phase 6.


In the documents below you will find details about each phase which will help you to know:

  • What skills your child will learn in each phonic phase.
  • The ‘tricky’ (non-decodable) words that your child must recognise and write for the phase they are working at.
  • The phonemes that will be taught during each phase (phonemes means sounds)

At the end of Year One there is a statutory Phonics Screening Check for all pupils. During this check, the pupils will have to read 40 real and pseudo (fake) words through segmenting, blending and applying their phonics knowledge.

Summary of the Phases

Explanation of Technical Terminology

DfES Publication Letters and Sounds


What can I do at home?

A great way to engage children at home with phonics is to play games. Matching pairs, snap, sorting words or letters can all be ways to help teach your children.

If you have a computer at home then below is a list of websites that have fun interactive games for children to play.

Useful website letters and sounds games:

If you have any questions about phonics please speak to your child’s teacher.